THE VILLAGE OF PRATICA DI MARE
The village of Pratica di Mare is located on the ruins of the ancient Lavinium, as evidenced by the archaeological excavations made in the second half of the twentieth century by the University La Sapienza of Rome. According to the myth, Lavinium was founded by Enea, whose events after the Trojan War ended up with his arrival in Lazio. The presence of a mosaic floor, visible even from the current Piazza Camillo Borghese testify the existence of a residential facility coming from the Imperial era.
The castle was built in the period of time between XII and XIV centuries. Originally, the castle was composed by a palace with an irregular pentagonal shape, that encased a tower, and the whole complex was surrounded by a robust wall.
The tall tower, has been bombarded from Germans during the world war two and falling down destroyed most of the palace that has never be rebuilt. Attached to the castle there is the Renaissance village which has in the center the church of San Pietro Apostolo, remodeled during the XIII century with a change of orientation. In the XVII century, Antonio da Sangallo il Giovane, drew the urban project of the village and the project of restoring and enlarge the castle, that unfortunately had never been realized. The modern history of Pratica di Mare is linked to the name of Prince Camillo Borghese, that in the early 900’s requalified the village, repopulated and relaunched the agricultural activity of the Feud. After the disappearance of the Prince, his second wife, Maria Monroy di Belmonte took his place managing the propriety. Started the restoration and the rebuilding of the village as a part of the castle after the destruction caused by the Germans. Enriched the economy of the village creating the old ceramics factory that during the course of her activity has been distinguished for the high quality of the production, appreciated from the high international society. The prince Pierfrancesco, sole heir of the Princes Monroy, when she deceased in 1964, took the mission continuing her activity. Protagonist of the Dolce Vita made the village an attraction place, assiduously frequented by the exponents of the cinema, of the art and of the culture such as Sergio Leone, Muccino, Vangelli and many others.
In 2008, the prince Pierfrancesco and his wife Grazia, started a new course of restoration of the whole architectonic structure, starting from the center of the village, with the renewing of the church of San Pietro Apostolo.
The extraordinary future of Pratica di Mare has to come yet…